The prescription medication tamoxifen citrate (Nolvadex®) is approved for a number of uses (also called "indications"), such as:
- Treating metastatic breast cancer in men and women
- Treating node-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women who have undergone breast cancer surgery or radiation
- Treating ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in women who have undergone breast cancer surgery or radiation to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer
- Preventing breast cancer in women who are at high risk for the disease.
There are also some "off-label" (unapproved) indications for tamoxifen, such as:
- Treating other cancers, such as ovarian cancer, skin cancer, or certain brain cancers
- Treating osteoporosis
- Inducing ovulation in women with infertility.
(To learn more about the indications for this medicine, click What Is Tamoxifen Used For?. This article lists more uses for the drug and gives an overview of how it works.)